Terminology

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Terms commonly used by firearms examiners:

Pistol: A handgun in which the chamber is part of the barrel.

PistolExample

Revolver: A firearm having a breech loading chambered cylinder.

RevolverExample

Cartridge: An unfired unit of ammunition consisting of the bullet, cartridge case, primer, and gunpowder.

Cartridges

Bullet: A non-spherical projectile for use in a rifled barrel.

Bullets

Projectile/Projectile Fragment: Any object projected by external force (e.g. bullet, slug, BB, etc.)

ProjectileFragments

Cartridge Case/Casing: The container for all the other components which make up a cartridge. (May be fired or unfired.)

Casing

Magazine: A container for cartridges which has a spring and follower to feed those cartridges into the chamber of a firearm.

Magazines

Clip: A device used to load/charge a magazine. *A magazine is not a clip.*

Clip